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文艺意识形态理论话语的谱系和当代范式

Geneology and Contemporary Paradigms of Theoretical Discourse of on Literary Ideology

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【作者】 石然

【Author】 Shi Ran;Hangzhou Normal University;

【机构】 杭州师范大学马克思主义学院

【摘要】 文艺意识形态理论话语历经古代的功能性理论话语,近代的本体性阐释,特别是马克思主义经典作家的科学揭示,在当代又形成了种类繁多的理论光谱。西方早期思想家对于文艺社会功用的表述基本合乎了文艺意识形态的功能性蕴含。康德的"审美公共性"学说为文艺意识形态理论话语做了理论铺垫。马克思主义经典作家对意识形态和文艺意识形态理论话语做了科学揭示。列宁发展了马克思主义意识形态和文艺意识形态理论话语。经历了"无产阶级文化协会""拉普""庸俗社会学""形式主义"等诸多思潮的冲击,苏联形成了艺术社会学派、自然美学派、社会美学派、综合系统学派和语言符号学派五种理论话语。在卢卡奇、葛兰西之后,当代西方马克思主义文艺意识形态已经形成了一般性社会意识形态话语、关联性政治意识形态话语、政治转向的激进美学意识形态话语、人学的审美意识形态话语以及乌托邦式(虚幻性)意识形态话语。当代西方非马克思主义文艺理论亦有其意识形态话语。东欧文艺意识形态话语可以分为传统马克思主义话语和新马克思主义话语两种,其中东欧新马克思主义认为艺术就是人的解放的意识形态。抗日战争时期毛泽东《在延安文艺座谈会上的讲话》标志着中国文艺意识形态理论话语的形成。改革开放以来中国已经形成了"准意识形态"论、"一定的、部分的意识形态"论、一般性的社会意识形态论、"社会意识形态中的审美意识形态"论、"泛化的"或"溶解的"审美意识形态论和"美学含义的社会意识形态"论六种理论话语。

【Abstract】 Theoretical discourse of literary ideology has gone through several stages from functional theory in the past,ontological interpretation in modern times,especially the scientific exposition of classical Marxist writers,to a wide range of theoretical arguments in the contemporary era.The discussions of early Western thinking on the social functions of literature and art basically revealed the functional aspects of ideology in literature and art.Kant’s theory of the public nature of aesthetic lays a theoretical foundation for the theory of literary ideology.Classical Marxist writers scientifically explained the ideology and the theory of literary ideology.Lenin developed the theory of Marxist ideology and literary ideology.After the Proletarian Cultural Association,Russian Association for Proletarian Writers( "PAΠΠ"),Vulgar Sociology,Formalism and other relevant ideological trends,five theoretical positions developed in the Soviet Union;the school of artistic society,the school of natural aesthetics,the school of social aesthetics,the school of comprehensive system and the school of linguistic symbols.After Lukacs and Gramsci,Marxist literary ideology in the contemporary western world developed a general discourse of social ideology,relevant discourse of political ideology,radical aesthetic ideology discourse with a political turn,aesthetic humanist ideological discourse of and utopian(illusory)ideological discourse.Contemporary western non-Marxist literary theory also has ideological discourse.Eastern European literary ideological discourse can be categorized as either traditional Marxist discourse or neo-Marxist discourse that believes art to be the ideology of human liberation. Talks at the Yenan Forum,On Literature and Art of Mao Zedong,initiated Chinese literary theoretical discourse.Since the reform and opening up,there are new categories in Chinese literary theory; "quasi-ideological discourse", "partly ideological discourse", "general social ideological discourse", "aesthetic social ideology discourse", "generic or dissolved discourse of aesthetic ideology", and "social ideology with aesthetic implications".

【基金】 国家社科基金重大项目“当代美学的基本问题及批评形态研究”(15ZDB023)阶段性研究成果
  • 【文献出处】 马克思主义美学研究 ,Research on Marxist Aesthetics , 编辑部邮箱 ,2019年01期
  • 【分类号】I0-02
  • 【下载频次】101
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