Awareness of public health knowledge of employees in 186 swimming venues and its influencing factors
【摘要】 目的了解游泳场所从业人员的公共卫生知识知晓情况,并分析其影响因素。方法于2016年选择全国除西藏外30个省(区、市)和新疆生产建设兵团共186家游泳场所的1 600名从业人员进行问卷调查,内容包括基本情况(性别、年龄、学历、工龄、家庭总收入)及卫生知识知晓情况(公共用品、用具及设备设施),用logistic回归模型分析游泳场所从业人员公共卫生知识知晓情况的影响因素。结果我国游泳场所从业人员公共卫生知识知晓认知正确率在26.3%～94.7%之间,其中,公共用品类在52.6%～94.7%之间,公共用具类在36.8%～91.7%之间,公用设备设施类在26.3%～71.9%之间。多因素logistic回归分析结果显示,工龄>15年是游泳场所从业人员公共卫生知识知晓率低的影响因素(OR=3.092,95%CI:1.065～8.981)。结论我国游泳场所从业人员公共卫生知识知晓水平相对较低,特别是公用设备设施方面知晓率比较低,建议加强对游泳场所从业人员的健康教育。
【Abstract】 Objective To understand the public health knowledge awareness of employees in swimming venues and to analyze the influencing factors. Methods A total of 1 600 employees were selected from 186 swimming venues in 30 provinces,autonomous regions and municipalities,except Tibet,and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in China in 2016,for questionnaire survey including basic information(gender, age, education, working age, total household income) and health knowledge(public goods,appliances and equipments). Logistic regression analysis was conducted to analyze the influencing factors of awareness of public health knowledge of employees among swimming venues. Results The rates of correct awareness of knowledge among employees in swimming venues in China were 26.3%-94.7% for public health,52.6%-94.7% for public goods,36.8%-91.7% for public appliances and 26.3%-71.9% for public facilities respectively.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the employees with seniority of >15 years in swimming venues presented lower rate of correct awareness for public health knowledge(OR=3.092,95%CI:1.065-8.981). Conclusion The awareness level of public health knowledge of the investigated employees in swimming venues in China is relatively low,especially the awareness of public facilities. It is recommended to strengthen the health education for employees in swimming venues.
- 【文献出处】 环境与健康杂志 ,Journal of Environment and Health , 编辑部邮箱 ,2018年10期