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新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间民众的焦虑情绪分析:对心理台风眼效应的检验

Analysis of people’s anxiety status during novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic: an examination of psychological typhoon eye effect

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【作者】 郑芳白晓宇祝卓宏陈玥王淑娟李新影

【Author】 ZHENG Fang;BAI Xiao-yu;ZHU Zhuo-hong;CHEN Yue;WANG Shu-juan;LI Xin-ying;Institute of Psychology,Chinese Academy of Sciences;Department of Psychology,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health,Institute of Psychology;

【通讯作者】 李新影;

【机构】 中国科学院心理研究所中国科学院大学心理学系中国科学院心理健康重点实验室

【摘要】 目的:分析新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)疫情期间民众的焦虑情绪状况,检验其是否符合心理台风眼效应。方法:将2020年2月2日至4日期间登录微医平台参与广泛性焦虑量表(GAD-7)测评的来自全国30个省的1 378位成人被试,依据累计确诊病例数定义其所在省份的疫情严重程度,并分别归入5个风险级别区(低风险区、中低风险区、中风险区、中高风险区、高风险区),通过分析焦虑状态的组间差异来观察是否出现心理台风眼效应。结果:不同风险级别区被试的焦虑得分差异显著(P<0.01),焦虑得分趋势:中风险区>中低风险区>中高风险区>高风险区>低风险区。不同风险级别区被试的焦虑阳性检出率差异显著(P<0.001),趋势:中风险区>高风险区>中低风险区>中高风险区>低风险区。结论:COVID-19疫情期间民众的焦虑情绪并不完全符合心理台风眼效应,而是呈现出倒U型的中间地带效应,即处于疫情中等风险区的民众焦虑情绪最为严重,高于疫情最严重地区及疫情轻微地区。

【Abstract】 Objective: To analyze people’s anxiety status during novel coronavirus pneumonia(COVID-19) epidemic, and examine whether it accords with the Psychological Typhoon Eye Effect. Method:1 378 adult subjects from 30 provinces enrolled in WeDoctor platform, and completed the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale(GAD-7) from February 2 to February 4,2020.Based on the epidemic severity of each province determined by the cumulative numbers of confirmed cases, the subjects were put into 5 risk areas, including low risk area, medium-low risk area, medium risk area, medium-high risk area and high risk area.The differences of anxious status among the 5 areas were analyzed to observe whether or not the Psychological Typhoon Eye Effect existed. Results:There were statistically significant differences in mean score of anxiety among different risk areas(P<0.01).The trend of anxiety score was middle risk area > medium-low risk area >medium-high risk area > high risk area>low risk area.There were statistically significant differences in the ratio of people with anxiety among different risk areas(P<0.001).The trend was middle risk area>high risk area>medium-low risk area>medium-high risk area>low risk area. Conclusion:During the COVID-19 epidemic, people’s anxiety status do not fully conform to the Psychological Typhoon Eye Effect, but shows an inverted U-shaped middle zone effect, that is, people located in the middle risk areas are more anxious than those located in the high and low risk area.

  • 【文献出处】 临床精神医学杂志 ,Journal of Clinical Psychiatry , 编辑部邮箱 ,2021年03期
  • 【分类号】R395.6
  • 【下载频次】266
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