Analysis of people’s anxiety status during novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic: an examination of psychological typhoon eye effect
【摘要】 目的:分析新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)疫情期间民众的焦虑情绪状况,检验其是否符合心理台风眼效应。方法:将2020年2月2日至4日期间登录微医平台参与广泛性焦虑量表(GAD-7)测评的来自全国30个省的1 378位成人被试,依据累计确诊病例数定义其所在省份的疫情严重程度,并分别归入5个风险级别区(低风险区、中低风险区、中风险区、中高风险区、高风险区),通过分析焦虑状态的组间差异来观察是否出现心理台风眼效应。结果:不同风险级别区被试的焦虑得分差异显著(P<0.01),焦虑得分趋势:中风险区>中低风险区>中高风险区>高风险区>低风险区。不同风险级别区被试的焦虑阳性检出率差异显著(P<0.001),趋势:中风险区>高风险区>中低风险区>中高风险区>低风险区。结论:COVID-19疫情期间民众的焦虑情绪并不完全符合心理台风眼效应,而是呈现出倒U型的中间地带效应,即处于疫情中等风险区的民众焦虑情绪最为严重,高于疫情最严重地区及疫情轻微地区。
【Abstract】 Objective: To analyze people’s anxiety status during novel coronavirus pneumonia(COVID-19) epidemic, and examine whether it accords with the Psychological Typhoon Eye Effect. Method:1 378 adult subjects from 30 provinces enrolled in WeDoctor platform, and completed the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale(GAD-7) from February 2 to February 4,2020.Based on the epidemic severity of each province determined by the cumulative numbers of confirmed cases, the subjects were put into 5 risk areas, including low risk area, medium-low risk area, medium risk area, medium-high risk area and high risk area.The differences of anxious status among the 5 areas were analyzed to observe whether or not the Psychological Typhoon Eye Effect existed. Results:There were statistically significant differences in mean score of anxiety among different risk areas(P<0.01).The trend of anxiety score was middle risk area > medium-low risk area >medium-high risk area > high risk area>low risk area.There were statistically significant differences in the ratio of people with anxiety among different risk areas(P<0.001).The trend was middle risk area>high risk area>medium-low risk area>medium-high risk area>low risk area. Conclusion:During the COVID-19 epidemic, people’s anxiety status do not fully conform to the Psychological Typhoon Eye Effect, but shows an inverted U-shaped middle zone effect, that is, people located in the middle risk areas are more anxious than those located in the high and low risk area.
- 【文献出处】 临床精神医学杂志 ,Journal of Clinical Psychiatry , 编辑部邮箱 ,2021年03期