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成人依恋类型与产后抑郁症状的关联性研究

A study on the relationship between adult attachment styles and postpartum depression

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【作者】 张国荣刘丹李鹏声龙瑶陈晓雯毛凯朱海燕麻纯王晴柔高园林婧谭红彤

【Author】 ZHANG Guo-rong;LIU Dan;LI Peng-sheng;LONG Yao;CHEN Xiao-wen;MAO Kai;ZHU Hai-yan;MA Chun;WANG Qing-rou;GAO Yuan;LIN Jing;TAN Hong-tong;Foshan Women and Children Hospital;

【通讯作者】 刘丹;

【机构】 佛山市妇幼保健院

【摘要】 目的:研究成人依恋类型与产后抑郁症发病风险之间的相关性。方法:根据入排标准,选择产后42 d回院进行产后保健的产妇1 366人,按照自愿原则进行一般资料的收集及爱丁堡产后抑郁量表、成人依恋量表问卷的填写。结果:1 351名产妇纳入最终分析,其中496人检出有产后抑郁症状,发生率为36.7%。对有产后抑郁症状组和无产后抑郁症状组各成人依恋类型发生比例差异均有统计学意义(P<0.001)。在校正年龄、学历和职业之后,安全型(AOR=1.00)、先占型(AOR=5.84,95%CI:3.70~7.69)、拒绝型(AOR=8.87,95%CI:4.76~16.20)、恐惧型(AOR=16.86,95%CI:6.44~43.27)均增加了产后抑郁症状的患病风险。结论:成人依恋类型与产后抑郁症状的发生相关。

【Abstract】 Objective: To study the correlation between adult attachment styles and the risk of postpartum depression. Method:According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 1 366 women with postpartum health care who returned to hospital for 42 days were asked for participating in the study.Demographic characteristics were collected and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale and Adult Attachment Styles Scale were completed on a voluntary basis. Results:1 351 women were included in the final data analysis.496 of them were found to have postpartum depression, with a prevalence of 36.7%.The differences in the scores and prevalence of adult attachment styles between the groups with and without postpartum depression were statistically significant(P<0.001).After adjusting for age, education and occupation, secure style(AOR=1.00), preoccupied style(AOR=5.84,95%CI:3.70-7.69),dismissing style(AOR=8.87,95%CI:4.76-16.20),fearful style(AOR=16.86,95%CI:6.44-43.27) increased the risk of postpartum depression. Conclusion: Adult attachment styles are associated with postpartum depression.

【基金】 广东省医学科学技术研究基金项目(C2019090)
  • 【文献出处】 临床精神医学杂志 ,Journal of Clinical Psychiatry , 编辑部邮箱 ,2021年03期
  • 【分类号】R714.6;R749.4
  • 【下载频次】203
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