Research on the Change of Chinese Family Development Capability in the Past 40 Years of Reform and Opening-up
【Abstract】 The family is basic unit of society,and its development ability determines the level of the overall social development ability. The measurement of family development ability is the scientific premise for the formulation of family development policies. This paper constructs the index system of family development ability,measures the family development ability in China,and applies the coupling analysis method based on principal component analysis. The development index weight of each subsystem is obtained through principal component analysis,which makes up for the defect of subjective assignment of first-level index in most coupling methods,and makes the coupling degree analysis more objective and reasonable. The result shows that the comprehensive index of Chinese family’s development ability has been rising steadily since the reform and opening up 40 years ago. At the same time,there is also an imbalance in the internal structure of family development. The three subsystems of family economy,Population reproduction development and life development show great differences in the development process:the development ability of family economy and life continues to improve,while the ability of family Population reproduction development gradually decreases. The coordination degree of the three sub-systems of family development ability rises first and then falls,and the family Population reproduction development ability becomes the weak board that affects the family development ability of China. The increasing coupling degree of the three subsystems of Chinese family development capability indicates that the interaction influence among the subsystems is strengthened. In the future,the country should focus on strengthening the reproduction capacity of the family,give more precise support to the family itself in education,medical care,old-age care,tax and other aspects,improve the internal imbalance of the family development ability,and promote the coordinated development of various subsystems so as to continuously and steadily improve the development ability of the Chinese family.
- 【文献出处】 人口学刊 ,Population Journal , 编辑部邮箱 ,2019年04期