Marital Status and Death Rate:Review Farr-Bertillon Effect in China——Based on Population Census Data of 1990 and 2010
【Abstract】 In the majority of western industrialized countries,the death rate of unmarried people(i.e. single,widowed,or divorced)is 2-3 times higher than death rate of married people for all age-groups,which is known as the Farr-Bertillon effect. In the social sciences,few effects are effective at any time and in any country. China and western countries have different family values and family structures,so it is not clear whether the Farr-Bertillon effect exists in China. Therefore,this paper studies the effect of marital status on death rates based on China’s population census data of 1990 and 2010. The investigation leads to the following results. In the 15-59 age group:before 30,the death rate of widowed or divorced people is much higher than the death rate of unmarried people;the relative mortality rations(RMR)in China is higher than RMR in western countries at the same age;divorce and widowhood have a greater impact on male,which is consistent with the results in the western countries;for unmarried people,the impact on male in youth is greater than female,and the impact on female in middle age is greater than male,which are consistent with the findings of the Japanese study. After all,in the Asian region,health is more important factor to the bride than to the groom. However,in most western countries,the RMR of single male is always higher than that of female at the same age. In the 60 and above age group,the health status of married people are better than unmarried people. And the beneficial effects of marriage on healthy status is greater for elderly female than for elderly male. The above studies show that the Farr-Bertillon effect exists in China. The single,divorced,or widowed status in almost all ages has a potential adverse effect on health status,but the specific performances are different from those in western industrialized countries.
【Key words】 Marital Status； Impact Effect； Death Rate； Heath Status； Gender Difference；
- 【文献出处】 人口学刊 ,Population Journal , 编辑部邮箱 ,2019年04期