The Study of the Intention for Old-age Support and Its Determinants:Comparing One-child Families and Multiple Children Families
【Abstract】 Using data from China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey in 2014,this study examines the differences of the concept and intention for old-age support of Chinese elderly among one-child families and multiple children families,mainly focusing on the determinants of their intention. Results show that:Firstly,the majority of the elderly still agree with the concept of"bring up sons to support parents in their old age",laying responsibilities of old-age support on their children. For them,family support is still the most acceptable way. Nevertheless,there are differences between the elderly from one-child and multiple children families. Compared with the elderly of multiple children families,those who come from one-child families prefer to live independently. They have lower expectation of their children’s pension obligations,higher demand for spiritual support from their children and higher expectation of the support from government and society. Secondly,individual-level and family-level factors both influence the intention for old-age support,while they play different roles in different families. Educational level has a more significant impact on the elderly of multiple children families,especially on their attitude toward institutional care. For the elderly of one-child families,the role of spouse seems more important than that of children. Older adults with spouse prefer to live independently. Having a son or not has a totally different meaning for these two types of elderly:For the elderly of multiple children families,it significantly influences inside-family decision,i.e. raising a son encourages them to live with their offspring;for the elderly of one-child families,it affects the choice between family and society.
【Key words】 One-child Families； Multiple Children Families； the Elderly； Intention for Old-age Support；
- 【文献出处】 人口学刊 ,Population Journal , 编辑部邮箱 ,2019年04期