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农村成年子女外出务工对留守父母健康的影响研究

Impact of Adult Children’s Migration on Health of Rural Left-behind Parents

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【作者】 陈璐谢文婷

【Author】 CHEN Lu;XIE Wenting;Department of Finance,Nankai University;

【机构】 南开大学金融学院

【摘要】 本文利用中国健康与营养调查(China Health and Nutrition Survey)1997-2015年数据,采用倾向值匹配分析方法(Propensity Score Matching)评估农村地区成年子女外出务工对留守家乡父母的健康造成的影响。研究发现相对于没有成年子女外出务工的对照组,农村成年子女外出务工会使留守父母过去四周患病的概率显著增加2.7%,65岁及以上的留守父母IADL受损概率显著增加6.1%。这种负面影响也显著地体现在对留守父母心理健康的影响上。研究发现留守父母的生活满意程度显著低于非留守父母。在此基础上,文章进一步从性别差异角度进行分析,研究发现子女外出务工对留守父亲的身心健康产生的负面影响比母亲更大;和女儿相比,儿子外出务工对留守父母身心健康的负面影响更大。文章的研究结果表明,在我国实现"健康老龄化"的道路上,农村地区留守父母的健康状况令人担忧。因此,政府部门应出台支持家庭老年照料的政策,加强对农村地区社区和机构照料的投入,减少子女外出务工引发照料缺失给父母健康带来的负面影响。

【Abstract】 Using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey(CHNS),our research applies the propensity score matching methodology to assess the impacts of adult children’s migration on the health of their parents left behind in rural areas. We find that compared with parents living with adult children,the left-behind parents’ morbidity in the past four weeks increases by 2.7% and the probability of not being able to accomplish all IADL increases significantly by 6.1% for parents aged 65 and over. This negative impact is also obvious in the mental health of left-behind parents. The study finds that the life satisfaction of left-behind parents is significantly lower than that of non-left-behind parents. We further analyze from the perspective of gender differences and find that paternal parents are more vulnerable to this negative effect.Furthermore,the effects of children’s migration are mostly driven by the migration of sons. The research shows that the health status of left-behind parents in rural areas is not positive. Therefore,it is recommended that government should introduce support policies on family care for the elderly and increase funding for community and institutional care in rural areas to compensate for the health effects of lack of care for parents due to children’s migration.

【基金】 国家社会科学基金项目:家庭老年照料的隐性成本(16BRK019)
  • 【文献出处】 人口学刊 ,Population Journal , 编辑部邮箱 ,2019年04期
  • 【分类号】D669.6;C924.24
  • 【下载频次】395
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