A Study of Sparse Population in Border Areas of Yanbian Prefecture
【Abstract】 In order to understand the current situation and characteristics of the sparsely populated areas in the border area,this paper conducted a field survey and analysis of 18 border villages in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture. The results show that the population loss is serious and the problem of aging is prominent. The income level of the population in the region is low and there are many poor people. The industrial structure is single and there are few returnees. The vacancy rate of houses is high and the problem of hollowing out is serious. The infrastructure is incomplete and the level of public services is low. The serious consequences brought about by the sparse population include the following aspects:affecting border defense and national defense security;affecting social stability and economic development in border areas;affecting the inheritance and development of national cultural protection;and influencing the construction of grassroots organizations and the basis of governance. Therefore,we propose to increase policy support for border areas,accelerate the development of border areas,strengthen infrastructure construction,improve the production and living conditions of border residents,vigorously develop characteristic industries,and increase employment for border residents;increase support and improve public services level;strengthen social comprehensive management and control,maintain stability in the border areas;innovation and optimize the overall layout.
- 【文献出处】 人口学刊 ,Population Journal , 编辑部邮箱 ,2019年04期