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The Environmental Impacts of Informal Economies in China: Inverted U-shaped Relationship and Regional Variances

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【作者】 YANG JiangminTAN YimingXUE DeshengHUANG GengzhiXING Zuge

【Author】 YANG Jiangmin;TAN Yiming;XUE Desheng;HUANG Gengzhi;XING Zuge;Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-Simulation, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University;Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory;

【通讯作者】 HUANG Gengzhi;

【机构】 Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-Simulation, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen UniversitySouthern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory

【摘要】 This paper aims to the debate on the nexus between informal economies and the environment by investigating the long-term dynamic impacts of China’s informal economies on pollution and considering regional differences in informal economies’ pollution.This paper uses the Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes(MIMIC) model to estimate the size of informal economies and employs econometric models to examine their relationships to pollution based on provincial-level panel data from 2000 to 2017. The results indicate that informal economies’ effects on environmental pollution are not purely positive or negative. Rather, our model indicates that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between informal economies and pollution in the long run in China; this means that the level of environmental pollution increases at first and then decreases with the growth of informal economies. Further analysis shows that while this inverted, U-shaped relationship is significant in different regions of China, it is affected by different environmental impact factors. The paper concludes by discussing the policy implications for environmental protection and sustainable development.

【Abstract】 This paper aims to the debate on the nexus between informal economies and the environment by investigating the long-term dynamic impacts of China’s informal economies on pollution and considering regional differences in informal economies’ pollution.This paper uses the Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes(MIMIC) model to estimate the size of informal economies and employs econometric models to examine their relationships to pollution based on provincial-level panel data from 2000 to 2017. The results indicate that informal economies’ effects on environmental pollution are not purely positive or negative. Rather, our model indicates that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between informal economies and pollution in the long run in China; this means that the level of environmental pollution increases at first and then decreases with the growth of informal economies. Further analysis shows that while this inverted, U-shaped relationship is significant in different regions of China, it is affected by different environmental impact factors. The paper concludes by discussing the policy implications for environmental protection and sustainable development.

【基金】 Under the auspices of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41930646, 41771137);the Guangdong Academy of Sciences (GDAS) Project of Science and Technology Development (No. 2019GDASYL-0104004);Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 20lgpy31)
  • 【文献出处】 Chinese Geographical Science ,中国地理科学(英文版) , 编辑部邮箱 ,2021年04期
  • 【分类号】F124.5;X22
  • 【被引频次】1
  • 【下载频次】37
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